Natural disasters are not new in India but the nature and fury of the aforesaid disasters clearly has established the linkage to the climate change. India now is the 4th largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in absolute terms though in terms of per-capita emission it’s 10th.
In absolute terms China is the biggest emitter followed by US and European Union. India’s emission constitutes 6.96 percent of the total global emission (Source: World resources Institute 2015). The amount of emission of GHGs by India has almost been doubled from 1994 level to 2010 (data comparison of Ministry of Environment and Forest, Govt of India and World Resource Institute). This is result of pursuing aggressive industrialization and the consumerist life style.
The period of liberalization has witnessed gross negligence of farm sector, which grew at a very abysmal rate since 1991.
Agro sector has become unproductive forcing farmers to leave farming and many have committed suicide. The number stands at 0.27 million (2.7 lakhs) in a period from 1995 to 2014, which is unprecedented. No sane government can defend such mass scale suicide of people in a democratic country due to faulty policies and inability of government to protect its agro-sector, on which nearly 60 percent of population is dependent. The current situation also does not show any signs of revival of situation of farmers.
Therefore, the gain from liberalization has been accrued in terms catapulting India to a near super power. But we have lost by way of creating new class structure on basis of differential income, so also unsustainable use of natural resources. The exploitative development model should be re-looked at to make it sustainable; otherwise next generation will be left with no resources for survival.